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Free Genealogy Biography of Jeremiah B. Stubbs
Pennsylvania Volunteer of the Civil War

Jeremiah B. Stubbs, M.D.

Jeremiah B. Stubbs, M.D.--The progenitor of the Stubbs families of Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Ohio was Thomas Stubbs, who came from England and settled in Goshen township, Chester Co., Pa., as early as 1718. In 1720 he moved to West Bradford, where he married Mary Miner, who came from Ireland. About 1756 he removed to Concord township, Delaware Co., where he died in the year 1763. Thomas Stubbs had nine children. His eldest son, Daniel, married Ruth Gilpin, whose ancestry has been traced back to Richard-De-Guylpin (1206), who, during the reign of King John, of England, was knighted, and given the Manor of Kentmere as a reward for his bravery.

Daniel and Ruth Stubbs, after their marriage, resided in Delaware County for fifteen years (1752-67), when they migrated to the eastern bank of the Susquehanna, located on a large tract of land, and became the common ancestors of all of the name in Lancaster County. Daniel died at an advanced age in the year 1808. His family consisted of fourteen children. The youngest, Isaac (1774-1840), married (1801) Hannah (1778-1825), daughter of Jeremiah and Hannah (England) Brown, early settlers in this section of the county.

Isaac's family comprised ten children. Jeremiah Brown Stubbs, his second son and subject of this sketch, was born at what is now known as Wick's Mill, Fulton township, on the 13th of April, 1804. When he was three years old his parents moved to Harford County, Md., having purchased a small property near the "Rocks of Deer Creek." They remained there until 1821, when they returned to Lancaster County to reside on a property jointly inherited by the father and mother. After the return of the family to his native county Jeremiah entered a mercantile establishment in Baltimore.

Disliking the business, he returned home in a few months. Receiving encouragement and pecuniary aid from his maternal grandfather, Jeremiah Brown (of whom he always retained a grateful remembrance) he was induced to enter one of the learned professions. With no advantages of a preparatory education, other than instructions received from a kind parent and the limited attainments secured by a few years' attendance at a public school, he commenced the study of medicine in the year 1824. After reading, under direction of Dr. Vincent King, a well-known practitioner of southern Lancaster County, he attended two courses of lectures at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, and graduated in the class of March 8, 1827. Receiving his medical degree he located at Rising Sun, Cecil Co., Md., where he practiced his profession for nine years. While there, Sept. 9, 1827, he was elected a member of the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Maryland.

Feb. 25, 1836, he married Rachel H., eldest daughter of Timothy Kirk, of Oxford, Chester Co., formerly a member of the State Legislature, and then an active business citizen of that place. Previous to his marriage he purchased the farm of Dr. John K. Sappington, of Little Britain, Lancaster Co., to which he removed and continued to practice his profession to the time of his decease, a period of thirty-five years.

In the early days of his medical career his labors to alleviate suffering humanity were unceasing, and at times exceedingly arduous. Possessing a strong constitution and determined will, he was enabled to practice throughout a section of country many miles in extent.

In 1844 he became a member of the Lancaster City and County Medical Society, and afterwards president of that organization. He was elected to represent it in the American Medical Association, and attended its meetings at Boston, 1849; Richmond, 1852; New York, 1853; and Philadelphia, 1855. In 1847 he was elected a member of the House of Representatives of Pennsylvania by the Whigs of Lancaster County, and was re-elected in 1848. While a member of the Legislature he took an active part in all subjects pertaining to general education. During his first term he served on the Committee on Education, and the second was placed on the Committee on Banks and Ways and Means. Having served the customary two terms he returned to his farm, his practice, and the instruction of students of medicine. Seven young men read under his direction and graduated. Chirurgery, or that part of the science properly belonging to the surgeons, he did not fancy. His sympathetic temperament forbade it. His province or forte was the duties properly belonging to the physician. Few men were better versed in etiology, or the causes of disease, and in diagnosis he had few equals. In this he was an adept, and hence his skill in practice.

For several years previous to his death Dr. Stubbs had frequent admonitions of a malady that he was well aware would finally prove fatal. On the 4th and 5th of July, 1862, he was attacked with angina pectoris, and died suddenly on the morning of the 10th, aged fifty-eight years. Dr. Stubbs had two children, both of whom are sons. The eldest, Charles H. Stubbs, was born Dec. 30, 1839. After attending several terms at the Millersville State Normal School, commenced, in 1861, the study of medicine under direction of his father. In 1862, while a student, he received from Surg.-Gen. Hammond, United States army, the appointment of medical cadet, and joined the medical staff of Brigade-Surgeon David McRuer, in charge of the floating hospital, Louisiana; employed in conveying the wounded of Gen. McClellan's army to Philadelphia and Washington; attended two courses of lectures at Jefferson Medical College, and graduated in the class of March 10, 1863. In July of that year he was appointed assistant surgeon Fortieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia, and in 1864 served on the staff of Surgeon Joseph Hopkinson Mower, United States Army Hospital, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia.

Sept. 10, 1868, married Sallie B., only daughter of Timothy and Rachel E. Haines. Since 1864 he has resided at the homestead in Fulton township, engaged in farming and practicing his profession. Taking an interest in all public improvements in his section of the county, he was at one time a director of the Peach Bottom Railroad Company. During his leisure hours he has not failed to gratify his taste for the natural sciences. His cabinet of minerals, fossils, and relics of the Stone Age, is among the finest in the county. He is the author of several monographs on various subjects, and a volume on genealogy; is a corresponding member of the Linnæan Society of Lancaster, and of the Maryland Academy of Science.

The second son, Cassius E. Stubbs, born March 22, 1844, educated at the West Chester Academy and State Normal School, Millersville, read law under Hon. A. Herr Smith, of Lancaster, Pa., attended two courses of lectures at the Law Department of the University of Michigan, where he graduated in the class of 1865; located in Jefferson County, W. Va., and practiced his profession for several years. While there, was elected State attorney of that county, and afterwards represented it in the State Legislature. He removed to Colorado Springs, Col., where he now resides. He has been prosecuting attorney for El Paso County, and represented his constituents in the Senate of the "Centennial State." He married Hannah K., daughter of Lewis and Sarah Haines, of Fulton, Lancaster Co., Pa.

Source: History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men; Philadelphia; Everts and Peck, 1883.

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