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John Sydney Crawford

Crawford, John Sydney, engineer, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov. 19, 1839; son of Stephen Rowan and Jane Tucker (Wilson) Crawford.

He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania and in 1861 entered the 17th Pennsylvania regiment, 17th Regiment, U.S. volunteers, as a private and served throughout the civil war. He was promoted 1st lieutenant and captain in the 114th Regiment, U.S. volunteers, and was connected with General Kearny's division, 3d army corps, Army of the Potomac.

For seventeen years he pursued his profession as mining engineer in the districts of Lake Superior, Colorado. Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico, and in Mexico on surveys between the Gulf of Mexico and the Gulf of California.

He was twice married, his first wife being Eleanor Martin, daughter of John Henderson of Philadelphia, Pa., and his second, Lucia N., daughter of Charles P. Relf, also of Philadelphia. He was made a fellow of the Geological society, London, England, 1889, and was elected vice-president of the Geological society of Grant county, New Mexico, 1892. He published Mining as Known to the Ancients (1875) ; Geology of New Mexico (1887) ; Sierra County Belts (1SS8); ructinil Mining Text Notes (1880).

Source: American Biographical Library;The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans