PA Civil War > Regiments > 114th

114th Regiment - Collis' Zouaves *

Recruited in the city and county of Philadelphia, PA

114th PA Regiment Soldier Biographies

114th PA Regiment Photos

114th PA Regiment Companies

114th PA Regiment Books

  • Collis' Zouaves: The 114th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Civil War
    Edward J. Hagerty reconstructs the Civil War experiences of this unusual group of soldiers who embraced the flamboyant uniform style made famous by the French army's Zouaves. Recruited in the summer of 1862 from Philadelphia and surrounding counties, the regiment battled Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley campaign and went on to participate in many of the major battles of the war, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Petersburg. Factually accurate yet reads like a novel.

  • American Civil War Zouaves (Elite)
    Inspired by the French colonial units raised in North Africa with their distinctive uniforms and reputation as hard fighters, units with names as colorful as their uniforms began to appear during the Civil War. In this volume Robin Smith details the uniforms and battles of these flamboyant units.

114th PA Regiment Organization, Service & Battles

  • Organized at Philadelphia August, 1862.
  • Left State for Washington, D.C., August 31, 1862.
  • Duty at Fort Slocum, Defences of Washington, September, 1862.
  • Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864.
  • Provost Guard, Headquarters Army of the Potomac, to March, 1865.
  • Collins' Independent Brigade, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1865.
  • 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865.
    Service & Battles - 1862
  • March up the Potomac to Leesburg,
  • Thence to Falmouth, Va., October II-November 19, 1862,
  • Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.
    Service & Battles - 1863
  • Burnside's 2nd Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863.
  • At Falmouth till April.
  • Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5.
  • Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.
  • Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3.
  • Pursuit of Lee July 5-24.
  • Wapping Heights, Va., July 23.
  • Duty on line of the Rappahannock till October.
  • Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.
  • Auburn October 13.
  • Auburn and Bristoe October 14.
  • Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.
  • Kelly's Ford November 7.
  • Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.
  • Payne's Farm November 27.
    Service & Battles - 1864
  • Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864.
  • At Brandy Station till May, 1864.
  • Assigned to duty as Provost Guard at Headquarters Army of the Potomac April 18.
  • Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12.
  • Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7.
  • Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21.
  • Guinea Station May 21.
  • North Anna River May 23-26.
  • On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.
  • Totopotomoy May 28-31.
  • Cold Harbor June 1-12.
  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.
    Service & Battles - 1865
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Garrison and Provost duty at City Point, Va., June 18, 1864, to March 28, 1865.
  • Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Occupation of Petersburg April 3.
  • Moved to Washington, D.C., May 1-12.
  • Grand Review May 23.
  • Mustered out May 29, 1865.
    Regimental Losses
  • Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 66 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 37 Enlisted men by disease. Total 111.

114th PA Regiment Medal of Honor Recipients

  • COLLIS, CHARLES HENRY TUCKY: Philadelphia, born in Ireland. Colonel, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862. Citation given: 10 March 1893. Gallantly led his regiment in battle at a critical moment. Born February 4, 1838 , died May 11, 1902, buried Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Adams County, PA.

*Zouave (pronounced zoo-ahh-vah), patterned after the French Zouaves, were elite units especially popular in the Union Army. They were known for their precision on the drill field and for their colorful uniforms consisting of gaiters, baggy pants, short red jackets with trim, and turbans or fezzes.