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PA Civil War Medal of Honor RecipientsThe Medal of Honor, established by joint resolution of Congress, 12 July 1862 is awarded in the name of Congress to a person who, while a member of the Armed Services, distinguishes himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. The deed performed must have been one of personal bravery or self-sacrifice so conspicuous as to clearly distinguish the individual above his comrades and must have involved risk of life. Incontestable proof of the performance of service is exacted and each recommendation for award of this decoration is considered on the standard of extraordinary merit. A large percent of Medal of Honor recipients were awarded for action involving flags.
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania
NOTE: An asterisk (*) denotes a posthumous award.
MONTGOMERY COUNTY, PA
BLACKMAR, WILMON W.: Bristol, Lieutenant, Company H, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865. Citation given: 23 October 1897. At a critical stage of the battle, without orders, led a successful advance upon the enemy.
CALDWELL, DANIEL: Marble Hill, Sergeant, Company H, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry.. Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865. Citation given: 25 February 1865. In a mounted charge, dashed into center of the enemy's line and captured the colors of the 33rd North Carolina Infantry.
COOKE, WALTER H.: Norristown, Captain, Company K, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry Militia. Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861. Citation given: 19 May 1887. Voluntarily served as an aide on the staff of Col. David Hunter and participated in the battle, his term of service having expired on the previous day.
CORSON, JOSEPH K.: Plymouth Meeting, Assistant Surgeon, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves (35th Pennsylvania Volunteers) Bristoe Station, Va., 14 October 1863. Citation given: 13 May 1899. With one companion returned in the face of the enemy's heavy artillery fire and removed to a place of safety a severely wounded soldier who had been left behind as the regiment fell back. Born November 26, 1836, died July 24, 1913, buried West Laurel Hill Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County, PA.
GREENAWALT, ABRAHAM: Private, Company G, 104th Ohio Infantry. Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Citation given: 13 February 1865. Capture of corps headquarters flag (C.S.A.).
HARTRANFT, JOHN F.: New Hanover Twp, (Later Governor of Pennsylvania and Commanding Officer of 28th Division) Colonel, 4th Pennsylvania Militia. Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861. Citation given: 26 August 1886. Voluntarily served as an aide and participated in the battle after expiration of his term of service, distinguishing himself in rallying several regiments which had been thrown into confusion.
PENNYPACKER, GALUSHA: Born June 1, 1844: Died October 1, 1916. Valley Forge, Pa., Colonel, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865. Citation given: 17 August 1891. Gallantly led the charge over a traverse and planted the colors of one of his regiments thereon, was severely wounded. On April 28, 1865, one month prior to his 21st birthday, Pennypacker was promoted to Brevet Brigadier General of Volunteers; making him the all time youngest general officer in United States Military history. He enlisted as a Sgt. in the 9th Pa. Inf., of Chester County, a 90 day regiment. then was named as Captain of the 97th Pa. Inf. Pennypacker was wounded four times, and became a Major General in1867. He retired in 1883 and is interred in the Officer's Section, Grave 175 of the Philadelphia National Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pa.
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