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PA Civil War Medal of Honor RecipientsThe Medal of Honor, established by joint resolution of Congress, 12 July 1862 is awarded in the name of Congress to a person who, while a member of the Armed Services, distinguishes himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. The deed performed must have been one of personal bravery or self-sacrifice so conspicuous as to clearly distinguish the individual above his comrades and must have involved risk of life. Incontestable proof of the performance of service is exacted and each recommendation for award of this decoration is considered on the standard of extraordinary merit. A large percent of Medal of Honor recipients were awarded for action involving flags.
NOTE: An asterisk (*) denotes a posthumous award.
WASHINGTON COUNTY, PA
ANDERSON, THOMAS: Corporal, Company I, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Appomattox Station, Va., 8 April 1865. Citation: 3 May 1865 for capture of Confederate flag. Born July 12, 1841, died September 8, 1912, buried at Ten Mile Dunkard Cemetery in Ten Mile, Lone Pine, Washington County, PA.
BAIRD, ABSALOM: Washington, Brigadier General, United States Volunteers. Citation at Jonesboro, Arkansas, 1 September, 1864. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
BINGHAM, HENRY H.: Canonsburg (also shows Philadelphia), Captain, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry., USA. Citation on 6 May, 1864 at Battle of the Wilderness, Va. Buried at North Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia.
BOON, HUGH P.: Washington, Captain, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Citation on 6 April, 1865 at Sailor's Creek, Va. Born Jul. 28, 1834, died Jan. 14, 1908, buried in Lot 22, Washington Cemetery. Washington Co, PA.
CARSON, WILLIAM J.: Musician, Company E, 1st Battalion, 15th Pennsylvania Infantry. Chickamauga, Ga., 19 September 1863. Citation: 27 January 1894. At a critical stage in the battle when the 14th Corps lines were wavering and in disorder he on his own initiative bugled "to the colors" amid the 18th U.S. Infantry who formed by him, and held the enemy. Within a few minutes he repeated his action amid the wavering 2nd Ohio Infantry. This bugling deceived the enemy who believed reinforcements had arrived. Thus, they delayed their attack.
CUNNINGHAM, JAMES S.: Private, Company D, 8th Missouri Infantry. Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Citation: 30 July 1894. Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
SLUSHER, HENRY C.: Lone Pine. Private, Company F, 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry. Note (Co. E, LaFayette Cavalry, Ringgold Battalion). This company did not become part of the 22nd until spring, 1864, at Cumberland, Md.) Moorefield, W. Va., 11 September 1863. Citation: 4 April 1898. Voluntarily crossed South branch of the Potomac River under fire to rescue a wounded comrade held prisoner by the enemy. Was wounded and taken prisoner in the attempt. Buried at Lone Pine Cemetery off I-79. (His MOH was placed in his gravemarker at Lone Pine, Pa. and was reported stolen some years back by his family.) Born May 10, 1846, died March 12, 1923, buried Lone Pine Cemetery, Long Pine, Washington County, PA.
SMALLEY, REUBEN S.: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry. Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863. Citation: 30 October 1897. Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.
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