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PA Civil War > Regiments > 148th > History

PA Civil War Volunteer Soldiers

One Hundred and Forty-eighth Regiment

148th PA Regimental History

The Itinerary
Compiled by the Editor, assisted by Comrade Sergeant T. P. Meyer, Lock haven, Pennsylvania


Jul and Aug. Companies recruited, and men "sworn in."
Aug 28. Company and regimental muster.

Sep 8. Organized at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and named 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers.
9. Left by rail for Cockeysville, Maryland.
10. Arrived at Cockeysville, guarding N.C.R.R. communication with the North. Four companies move to

Gunpowder River under Major Fairlamb. Company A moved to Lutherville, Maryland, under Captain R.
H. Forster. Company B moved to Glencoe, Maryland, under Captain James F. Weaver. Four companies
encamped at headquarters, Colonel Beaver. 30. First general inspection. Oct 8. Field and staff mustered. Dec 9. Left Cockeysville by rail, 2:00 P. M. Dec 9. Arrived in Baltimore, evening. Night in Union Relief Association Building. 10. Left Baltimore by rail, 6:00 P. M. 11. At Washington, 3:00 A. M. To Soldiers Retreat. 11. Marched for the front, 2:00 P. M. 12. Resumed march at 9:00 A. M. 15. Reached Liverpool Point. 16. Crossed Potomac River by transports to Acquia Creek, Virginia. 17. Marched to headquarters Army of the Potomac at Falmouth, Virginia. Assigned to First Brigade,
First Division, Second Corps. 19. Located our camp. Very cold, but had no tents. 25. Built winter camp. Received our tents today. 1863 Jan 17. Review of Corps. Feb Equipped with Springfield rifles in lieu of condemned Vincennes. 9. Epidemic of fever. Many deaths. Mar 27. Visit of Governor Curtin. Apr 7. Visit of President Lincoln. Lincoln reviewed Army. 75,000 men on review. 16. First payment. The boy of the Regiment send to their homes over $75,000, carried and delivered, largely in person, by Chaplain Stevens. 18. Regiment drilled in volley firing, with blank cartridges. 27. Marching orders. 28. Marched up the Rappahannock. 30. Crossed the river. May 1. Marched to battlefield of Chancellorsville. Skirmishing begins. 2. First man in Regiment killed, Samuel H. Holloway of "D." 2, 3. Battle of Chancellorsville. Beaver wounded. 4, 5. Cannonade and skirmishing continues. 6. Recrossed river and reoccupied old camp toward evening. 12. Governor Curtin visited the Regiment. 16. Last of the wounded brought from the Chancellorsville battlefield and the remaining dead buried. Jun 14. Broke camp and started on the march to Gettysburg. 15. At Stafford Court House. Court House and jail, with all their contents, burned. 16. Dumfries. Camped at Occoquan River for the night. 17. Fairfax Court House. Jun 19. Centerville. 20. Bull Run battlefield to Thoroughfare Gap. 21-25. At Thoroughfare Gap. Bull Run Mountains. 25. Haymarket skirmish. 26. Edwards Ferry via Gum Springs. Crossed Potomac River into Maryland to Poolsville. 26. Poolsville. 27. Sugar Loar Mountain. 28. Frederick City. Arrived at noon. 29. Reached Uniontown (thirty mile march) at night. Lay there the 30th. Jul 1. Into Pennsylvania at 6:00 P.M. 1, 2, 3. Battle of Gettysburg. 4. Skirmishing and burying the dead. 5. Left Gettysburg, moved to Two Taverns, Pennsylvania. 7. Two Taverns, Pennsylvania, to Jonesville, Maryland. 8. Jonesville, Maryland, to Frederick, Maryland. 9. Frederick, Burkittsville, across South Mountain and South Mountain battlefield. 10. Antietam battlefield. Burkittsville. 11. Hagerstown to Williamsport. 15. Harper's Ferry. 18. Back to Harper's Ferry. Crossed Potomac into Virginia. 19. Colonel Beaver rejoined Regiment. Moved south six miles and camped. 20. Bloomfield, Virginia. 23. Ashby's Gap, to and through Manassas Gap, to Wapping Heights after night. 23. Battle Wapping Heights. Supported Third Corps. 24. Wapping Heights, near Front Royal, through Manassas Gap, Blue Mountains to the east. 25 Ashby's Gap via Salem to White Plains, twenty miles. 26. White Plains to Warrenton. 30. Warrenton to Elkton. 31. Elktown to Morrisville, Virginia, and camped. Aug 4. In camp, Morrisville. Aug 31. - Sep 4 Port Conway Expedition. Sep 1. Skirmish Richardson's Ford, at midnight. 4. Return to camp at Morrisville 12. On Orange & Alexandria R. R. to Rappahannock Station. 13. Crossed Rappahannock to Brandy Station. 14. To Culpepper Court House. 17. To Cedar mountain. 24. Regiment transferred from First to Third Brigade, and changed camp accordingly. 28. Camp near Cedar Mountain. October 6. Back to Culpeper and camped. 10. Back to Rapidan. Skirmish. Covered retreat of Third Corps. 11. Rapidan via Culpepper, Rappahannock Station, twenty-five miles. 12. Rappahannock Station, recroseed Rappahannock River, skirmished and drove Rebels four miles southward. 13. To the rear twenty-five miles. Bivouac in timber on Cedar Run. 14. Battle of Auburn Mills. ("Coffee Hill.") 14. Battle of Bristoe Station. 30. Received 115 recruits. November 7. Demonstration across river. 19. Received 158 recruits. 25. Marched on Mine Run campaign. Crossed Rapidan River. December 2, 1863. Recrossed Rapidan to the North. 7. Go into winter quarters near Stevensburg. 1864March 10. Lieutenant General Grant visited the Army. 25. Assigned to Fourth Brigade. 26. Grant's headquarters established at Culpepper Court House. April 22. Grand review of the Army by General Grant. General reviews Second Corps. May 4. March to Wilderness. Second Corps crossed river. 4, 5, 6. Battle of Wilderness. 7. Marched for Todd's Tavern at 9:00 A. M. 9. Crossed the Po River in evening. Drove enemy's battery. (?) 10. Battle of Po River. Later recrossed Po River. 12. Charged and took the Salient, Spotsylvania. 15. Moved to Fredericksburg road near Ny river. 17. Moved back to the works captured on the 12th. 18. Assaulted enemy's new line. 18. Night movement towards Anderson's Mill. 20. Marched toward Guinea Station at night. 21. At Guinea at day break. To Milford and crossed river and intrenched. 22. Moved to Milford. 23. To Old Chesterfield. Advanced to North Anna River. 24. Crossed North Anna River. Advanced and intrenched. 26. Recrossed North Anna River. 27. Marched toward the Pamunkey. Camped at 10:00 P. M. 28. Crossed the Pamunkey River. 29. Reconnaissance to the front. Skirmish Swift Creek. 30. Skirmish all day and battle of Totopotomy River in evening. Jun 1 March toward Cold Harbor. 2. At Cold Harbor at 6:30. 3. Battle of Cold Harbor. 3-12. In intrenched line close to enemy. Truce to bury the dead. 12. Withdrew at night and marched toward the James. 13. Crossed Jones Bridge. Reache Wilcox Landing at 5:30 P. M. 14. Crossed James River in boats from Wilcox Landing during the night. 15. All across. Marched at 10:00 A. M. without rations. 16. Assaulted enemy's works before Petersburg,Virginia. Beaver wounded. 18. Battle at the Hare House, afterward Fort Stedman, Lee's second line. 21. Skirmish near Williams House. 22. Reconnaisance in woods in front. Were flanked and retired. July 1-26. In reserve front of Petersburg. 26. To City Pointe. 27. Crossed James River. Battle at Deep Bottom. Captured battery. 29. Recrossed James River to south side before Petersburg. Returned to old camp. 30. Burnside's mine exploded. August 12-13. Cross James River on transports, and move to Deep Bottom. Second expedition. 14. Battle Deep Bottom. 20. Recrossed James to south side. 21. Arrived at old camp before Petersburg. 21. After short rest, march toward Weldon Railroad. 22. Destroying Weldon Railroad. 25. Battle of Reams Station. Colonel Beaver rejoined Regiment and was wounded. 27. Return and camp at Avery House, front of Petersburg.
'As an act of justice to every individual patriot who served in any Union regiment in the rebellion, the history of every regiment should be written and a copy placed in every library in the land. Besides this, there are especial reasons why our Regiment should be so put upon record. Of the 2,047 regiments in the Union Army, the 148th Pennsylvania was one of the three hundred fighting regiments listed in Fox's "Regimental Losses." It stands number thirty in the list of forty-five regiments that lost 200 and upward killed in battle, with the record of 210 men killed out of a total enrollment of 1339. It stands (notwithstanding the fact that it went out a year later than many of the regiments contained therein) number fourteen in that splendid "sifted" list of twenty three regiments which gave fifteen percent and upwards of their blood for the flag, ...........'

'The Regiment was present in every battle of the Army of the Potomoc from Chancellorsville to the surrender at Appomattox and was in the hottest of the fighting in all of them except the Wilderness. At Spotsylvania it lost 301 killed , wounded and missing, the greatest loss of any infantry regiment on that field.

In the personnel of it officers and men - in their character for sobriety, morality, courage and patriotism, in their soldierly habits of order, obedience and personal cleanliness, in the perfection of the regimental organization, drill and discipline, in its appearance on dress parade and review, in the order, regularity and cleanliness of its camps, in its prompt and cheerful response to every call for duty, in its endurance in the toilsome march and the hardships of exposure and privation, and in the supreme test of battle, where its courage and dash, its daring and its staying qualities were proved on more than twenty bloody fields - the 148th Pennsylvania had no superior and few equals.'

Contributed by Dave Stover, Great grandson of David Stover, Company G, 148th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers. Any inquiries from individual genealogists or researchers are welcome.
Source: The Story of Our Regiment, A History of The 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers. Written by the Comrades; Edited by Adjt. J. W. Muffly; published by The Kenyon Printing and Mfg. Company, Des Moines, Iowa. 1904.

148th Regiment

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